Temple architecture of India

Previously we have described about the caves and about their architecture but we missed some caves over there. so we are describing them over here. And we are also describing the stages of temple architecture over here.

My last blog’s link is https://www.focuscivil.online/elloras-hindu-buddhist-and-jain-caves/ and https://www.focuscivil.online/ajanta-and-ellora-cave/ And https://www.focuscivil.online/the-gupta-age-art-and-the-cave-architecture/ 

Junagarh cave

  • Buddhist cave.
  • Influence of Ashoka.
  • Upper and lower chamber are connected with stairs.

Junagarh cave

Bagh cave

  • At Madhya pradesh near bagh river.
  • Similar to Ajanta.

Bagh cave

Elephanta cave

  • 8th century AD.
  • On island of elephant Mumbai.
  • Natively known as Gharapurichi leni.
  • UNESCO world heritage site.
  • 5 caves are Hindu 2 caves are Buddhist.
  • Hindu cave contain rock cut sculpture of shiva.
  • Resembles In some aspects the 8th century Rashtrakoot rock cut temple Kailash at Ellora.
  • Trinity Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh carves there, which was royal insignia of Rashtrakoot.
  • Nataraja, Ardhnareshwar are also attributed to Rashtrakoot.
  • Ganesh Gumpha cave (Brahmanical).
  • Other sculpture are Shiv parvati wedding, shiv tandav, Ravan shaking Kailash.

Elephanta cave

Undavali cave

  • At Vijaywada.
  • Granite sculpture of Vishnu.

Undavalli cave

Udaygiri cave

  • Gupta period.
  • Inscription documentation.

Udaygiri cave

Eladipattam cave

  • It’s an important Jain cave.

Eladipattam cave

Temple architecture

  • Began and reached at climax on Gupta age.
  • Mostly the use of wood and timber (perishable).
  • Circular bricks were also used during this period (Mauryan).

First stage of temple architecture

  • Square flat roof, shallow pillared.
  • Temple constructed on low platform. E.g. Temple 17 at Sanchi.

Temple 17 at sanchi

Second stage of temple architecture

  • Changes to higher platform.
  • Covered ambulatory passage around the sanctum sanctorum.
  • Two storey temple are found.
  • E.g. Parvati temple Nachna, Kuthara, M.P.

Parvati temple nachna

Third stage of Temple architecture

  • Concept of shikhar introduced.
  • Low and square shikhar.
  • Pillar approach.
  • Panchatayan style introduced- main shrine and 4 other shrine.
  • Main shrine placed in rectangular shape.
  • Crucified ground plan.
  • Precursor to Nagara style.
  • E.g. Dashavatar temple of Deogarh.

Dashavatar temple at Deogarh

Fourth stage of Temple architecture

  • Rectangular temple.
  • E.g. Ter Temple of Sholapur at Maharashtra.

Ter temple at solapur

Fifth stage of Temple architecture

  • Circular temple with shallow rectangular projection on four cardinal points.
  • E.g. Maniar matha at Rajgriha Bihar.

Maniyar math temple at Rajgir Bihar

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