Previously we have described about the caves and about their architecture but we missed some caves over there. so we are describing them over here. And we are also describing the stages of temple architecture over here.
My last blog’s link is https://www.focuscivil.online/elloras-hindu-buddhist-and-jain-caves/ and https://www.focuscivil.online/ajanta-and-ellora-cave/ And https://www.focuscivil.online/the-gupta-age-art-and-the-cave-architecture/
- Buddhist cave.
- Influence of Ashoka.
- Upper and lower chamber are connected with stairs.
- At Madhya pradesh near bagh river.
- Similar to Ajanta.
- 8th century AD.
- On island of elephant Mumbai.
- Natively known as Gharapurichi leni.
- UNESCO world heritage site.
- 5 caves are Hindu 2 caves are Buddhist.
- Hindu cave contain rock cut sculpture of shiva.
- Resembles In some aspects the 8th century Rashtrakoot rock cut temple Kailash at Ellora.
- Trinity Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh carves there, which was royal insignia of Rashtrakoot.
- Nataraja, Ardhnareshwar are also attributed to Rashtrakoot.
- Ganesh Gumpha cave (Brahmanical).
- Other sculpture are Shiv parvati wedding, shiv tandav, Ravan shaking Kailash.
- At Vijaywada.
- Granite sculpture of Vishnu.
- Gupta period.
- Inscription documentation.
- It’s an important Jain cave.
- Began and reached at climax on Gupta age.
- Mostly the use of wood and timber (perishable).
- Circular bricks were also used during this period (Mauryan).
First stage of temple architecture
- Square flat roof, shallow pillared.
- Temple constructed on low platform. E.g. Temple 17 at Sanchi.
Second stage of temple architecture
- Changes to higher platform.
- Covered ambulatory passage around the sanctum sanctorum.
- Two storey temple are found.
- E.g. Parvati temple Nachna, Kuthara, M.P.
Third stage of Temple architecture
- Concept of shikhar introduced.
- Low and square shikhar.
- Pillar approach.
- Panchatayan style introduced- main shrine and 4 other shrine.
- Main shrine placed in rectangular shape.
- Crucified ground plan.
- Precursor to Nagara style.
- E.g. Dashavatar temple of Deogarh.
Fourth stage of Temple architecture
- Rectangular temple.
- E.g. Ter Temple of Sholapur at Maharashtra.
Fifth stage of Temple architecture
- Circular temple with shallow rectangular projection on four cardinal points.
- E.g. Maniar matha at Rajgriha Bihar.
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