sociology means simply a scientific study of society & their interactions among various structure of society . It also include social stratification, social class, social mobility, religion, secularisation, law, sexuality, gender, and deviance. In sociology, socio means companion & logy means study i.e sociology means study of society & social institutions. This is also call as beauty of discipline as it provide space for all as long as their is some rational behind their argument. it is about you & me in our social surrounding.
EMERGENCE OF SOCIOLOGY
1. The enlightenment period
During 18th& 19th century new way of thinking emerged,the spirit of new awakening, new policies established human being at centre of universe. New outlook developed as result of commercial revolution & scientific revolution.
2. The French Revolution
French Revolution announced the arrival of political sovereignty at level of individual as well as nation states. It also give idea of Liberty ,equality & fraternity. Rousseau wrote in this book, THE SOCIAL CONTRACT, that people of a country have right to chose their sovereign. French Revolution have a great role in that time of society and in sociology.
3.The Industrial revolution
Industrial revolution brought about great changes in social & economic life of people. It started development of banks ,insurance companies & finance corporation and also new class of industrial workers, managers, capitalist emerged.
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