As In our last blog we read about the imperial style of Delhi sultanate. In which we read about the all the sub school of that style of architecture. Today we are going to discuss about Delhi sultanate- Provincial style and about the sub school’s of provincial style. To read about the imperial style click on the below link viz

https://www.focuscivil.online/delhi-sultanate-architecture-imperial-style/


Provincial style of Delhi sultanate architecture 

Provincial style of Delhi sultanate architecture can be sub divide into four schools viz

  1. Bengal school
  2. Malwa school
  3. Jaunpur school
  4. Bijapur school.

Bengal school of architecture 

  1. Brick use was there.
  2. Use of mortar and lime plaster was very less.
  3. Use of black marble.
  4. Focus was not on the decoration or strength. But focus was on construction of massive building.
  5. E.g. Qadam rasul mosque at Gor and Adina mosque at Pandua.

Qadam rasul mosque provincial style of Delhi sultanate

Malwa school of architecture 

  1. Absence of minar in mosque.
  2. European influence can be found here.
  3. imaginative use of water in pools and fountains.
  4. Use of arch along with pillar and beam.
  5. Well proportioned stair case.
  6. E.g. Jahaz mahal at Mandu, Rani Rupmati pavilion.

Jahaz mahal at Mandu provincial style of Delhi sultanate

Jaunpur school of architecture 

  1. Develop by Sharqul Dynasty.
  2. Absence of minar suggest Persian influence.
  3. Bold and forceful character.
  4. E.g. Babri masjid, atala mosque.

Babri masjid Delhi sultanate provincial style architecture

Bijapur school of architecture 

  1. Develop under Adil shahi rulers.
  2. Three arch method instead of single arch method.
  3. Bulbous dome – unique feature (onion shape).
  4. Gol Gumbaj – minar graceful tall and slender ( use of acoustical science).
  5. Use of cornice (Chajja).
  6. Important feature- treatment of ceiling without any apparent support, slab of stone are bounded by iron clamps and mortar.
  7. Gol Gumbaj and maqbara of Muhammad Adil shah are the perfect example.

GOL gumbaj, provincial style of Delhi sultanate

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