Modern style architecture
Modern style architecture can be sub categorise into two styles-
- Indo-Gothic style.
- Neo Roman style.
Iberian style vs Gothic style
This style is mainly found in Iberian peninsula and also in Portuguese church. Use of Red sand stone and lime stone is also there. In Iberian style they mainly involves in the creation of new shapes and structure. There was no use of wooden roofs. In Iberian style use of expensive material is also there.
Gothic style of modern style architecture mainly originated at France. In this style Brick used as a material. Gothic style doesn’t focus on new shape, instead of this they involved in the reinterpretation of western style. Also the Use of wooden roofs are prominent in this style. In Gothic style there is no major expensive materials are used.
Indo Gothic style of Modern style architecture
Indo gothic style of modern style architecture is indian subcontinent influence in Gothic style. It mainly flourished in 19th century till 1911. It’s a hybrid style in which Mughal, Hindu and western influence also found. Indo Gothic style also known as Indo Saracenic style.
Features of Indo Gothic style
- There are elaborative and large construction.
- Use of advance British structure engineering. Hence fine use of steel, iron and poured concrete.
- Pointed arch and large windows are also its main features.
- Crucified ground plan Used in the church I.e. St. Paul’s cathedral at Kolkata.
- Other examples are Victoria memorial at Kolkata, Gateway of India and Lakshmi Vilas palace.
Neo Roman style of Modern style architecture
Neo Roman style of Modern style architecture is firstly started by Edward Lutyen and Edward baker.
The features of Neo Roman style is the Hybrid structure and congested style. Modernity, simplicity and utilities are compromised in this style. Upturned dome is also a main feature of this style. Example of this style are Rashtrapati Bhavan,Parliament.
Contribution of Laurie Baker
He is Also call as architect of poor. He was pioneer of organic architecture. Mr. baker merge the buildings with environment.
Green buildings in India
- Focus on environment and economy.
- Less use of concrete.
- Use of bricks of fly ash because they are naturally cool.
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