Hindu caves of Ellora caves
- It made between 6th to 8th century.
- cave 17-29 was build under kalachuri period.
- Number 14, 15, 16 cave made under Rashtrakuta.
- Number 16 known as Kailash temple.
- Recall of lord shiva, looks like free standing standing multi storey temple.
- its a monolithic temple and covers are of double size of the Parthenon in Athens.
- Temple painted by white plaster thus, even more look alike to MT. Kailash.
- One of the greatest monolithic structure of the world.
- Two storey gateway represent South Indian Gopuram, opened to reveal a U shaped courtyard.
- The courtyard is edged by columned Galleries.
- south India Dravidian style of temple.
- Deities at the left of entrance are Shaivite and on the right are Vaishnavite.
- Grand sculpture of Ravana is also here ( attempting to lift MT Kailash).
- This temple is achievement of Rashtrakoot dynasty’s Krishna I (757-773)
- it’s builders modified it on the lines of Virupakshi temple at Pattadakal.
Other Hindu caves
- The Dashavatar cave (cave 15) was began as a Buddhist monastery.
- It has open court with free standing monolithic mandap at middle and two storey excavated temple on rear.
- The finest relief of this cave is one depicting the death of Hirankashyapu.
- Other notable Hindu caves are Rameshvara(cave 21), which has a figure of river goddess Ganga and Yamuna at the entrance.
- Dhumar Lena (cave 29) is similar to elephanta cave temple.
- 2 other caves Ravan ki khai (cave 14) and Neelkantha (cave 22) also have several sculpture.
Buddhist cave of Ellora caves
- Ring 5th to 7th century.
- Consists mostly vihara, multi storey buildings carved into mountain face including living quarters, sleeping quarters, kitchen and other rooms.
- Some of these monastery have carving of Buddha and bodhisatva.
- Famous Buddhist cave( cave no.10), chaitya hall or Vishwakarma cave popularly known as carpenter’s cave.
- Cave no. 10 aka sutar ka jhopda.
- A large Bodhi tree carved at its back.
Jain cave of Ellora caves
- Belongs to 9th to 10th century.
- It belongs to Digambar sect.
- Most remarkable Jain shrines are the chhota Kailash (cave 30), the Indra sabha (cave 32), the Jagannath sabha (cave 33)
- A place called samavasrana is special interest to Jain, is the place where Jain where tirthankar preaches after getting omniscience ( enlighten).
- 2 storey cave with one more monolithic shrine in court.
- Fine carving of lotus.
- Yaksha and Yakshini on elephant which wrongly remarked as Indira.
- Ambika, the Yakishini flung seated on lion on under mango tree, laden with fruits.
- Smaller than Indira sabha.
- Well proportioned Torana, within it’s a seat Mahavira.
- Upper storey have images of 24 tirthankar.
- On the top hill rock there is statue of Parshwanath.
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