Hindu caves of Ellora caves

  • It made between 6th to 8th century.
  • cave 17-29 was build under kalachuri period.
  •  Number 14, 15, 16 cave made under Rashtrakuta.
  • Number 16 known as Kailash temple.
  • Recall of lord shiva, looks like free standing standing multi storey temple.
  • its a monolithic temple and covers are of double size of the Parthenon in Athens.
  • Temple painted by white plaster thus, even more look alike to MT. Kailash.

MT. Kailash

  • One of the greatest monolithic structure of the world.
  • Two storey gateway represent South Indian Gopuram, opened to reveal a U shaped courtyard.
  • The courtyard is edged by columned Galleries.
  • south India Dravidian style of temple.
  • Deities at the left of entrance are Shaivite and on the right are Vaishnavite.
  • Grand sculpture of Ravana is also here ( attempting to lift MT Kailash).
  • This temple is achievement of Rashtrakoot dynasty’s Krishna I (757-773)
  • it’s builders modified it on the lines of Virupakshi temple at Pattadakal.

MT. Kailash Ellora caves
Other Hindu caves

  • The Dashavatar cave (cave 15) was began as a Buddhist monastery.
  • It has open court with free standing monolithic mandap at middle and two storey excavated temple on rear.
  • The finest relief of this cave is one depicting the death of Hirankashyapu.
  • Other notable Hindu caves are Rameshvara(cave 21), which has a figure of river goddess Ganga and Yamuna at the entrance.
  • Dhumar Lena (cave 29) is similar to elephanta cave temple.
  • 2 other caves Ravan ki khai (cave 14) and Neelkantha (cave 22) also have several sculpture.

Buddhist cave of Ellora caves

  • Ring 5th to 7th century.
  • Consists mostly vihara, multi storey buildings carved into mountain face including living quarters, sleeping quarters, kitchen and other rooms.
  • Some of these monastery have carving of Buddha and bodhisatva.
  • Famous Buddhist cave( cave no.10), chaitya hall or Vishwakarma cave popularly known as carpenter’s cave.
  • Cave no. 10 aka sutar ka jhopda.
  • A large Bodhi tree carved at its back.

Vishwakarma cave Ellora caves

Jain cave of Ellora caves

  • Belongs to 9th to 10th century.
  • It belongs to Digambar sect.
  • Most remarkable Jain shrines are the chhota Kailash (cave 30), the Indra sabha (cave 32), the Jagannath sabha (cave 33)
  • A place called samavasrana is special interest to Jain, is the place where Jain where tirthankar preaches after getting omniscience ( enlighten).

Indira sabha

  • 2 storey cave with one more monolithic shrine in court.
  • Fine carving of lotus.
  • Yaksha and Yakshini on elephant which wrongly remarked as Indira.
  • Ambika, the Yakishini flung seated on lion on under mango tree, laden with fruits.

Indra sabha Ellora caves
Jagannath sabha

  • Smaller than Indira sabha.
  • Well proportioned Torana, within it’s a seat Mahavira.
  • Upper storey have images of 24 tirthankar.
  • On the top hill rock there is statue of Parshwanath.

Jagannath sabha Ellora caves

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  1. I love it…. excellent article.

    Keep it up..

  2. Thanks for the appreciation.

  3. […] and for Ellora cave click on this Ellora caves and it’s Hindu, Buddhist and Jain caves […]

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