Qutub minar delhi sultanate architecture

Delhi sultanate architecture 

Delhi sultanate architecture in the medieval period is on of the best architecture. It is further classified into viz

  1. Imperial style
  2. Provincial style.

In this post we will discuss about Delhi sultanate imperial style.

Delhi sultanate Imperial style architecture 

Delhi sultanate imperial style architecture can be know through following dynasties-

  1. Slave Dynasty.
  2. Khilji Dynasty.
  3. Tughlaq Dynasty.
  4. Lodhi Dynasty.

Slave Dynasty 

  • Also known as Mameluq dynasty or Ilbari dynasty (Ilbari tribe).
  • Slave dynasty rulers starts their architecture firstly converting Hindu structures into the mosques.
  • E.g, Quwat-us-Islam mosque.
  • Arhai din ka Jhonpra.
  • Qutub minar which is build by Qutub-ud-din aibak, iltumish and Ferozeshah Tughlaq.

Arhai din ka jhonpra Delhi sultanate architecture

Khilji Dynasty 

  • They uses Seljuk style which was richest style in Delhi sultanate.
  • Red sand stone use in all structures.
  • E.g. Siri fort.
  • Alai darwaza, Qutub complex.

Alai darwaza Delhi sultanate architecture

Tughlaq Dynasty

  • It’s known as crisis period.
  • Not much interested in architecture.
  • Focus on strength rather than beauty.
  • Slopping walls called batt, introduced combining the techniques of lintel and arch. (Batt = Lintel + Arch).
  • Generally Grey stone’s use was there.
  • Establish 3 cities viz
  1. Tughlakabad by Gayasuddin Tughlaq.
  2. Jahanpanah by Muhammad Tughlaq.
  3. Ferozeshah Kotla by Ferozeshah Tughlaq.

Tughlakabad fort Delhi sultanate architecture


  • Made of 7 cities viz
  1. Lalakot/ Killa rai Pithora by Rajput Tomar (1060 AD).
  2. Mehrauli by Qutubuddin aibak.
  3. Siri by Allauddin Khilji (1304 AD).
  4. Tughlaqabad by Gayasuddin tughalaq.
  5. Ferozeshah Kotla by Ferozeshah Tughlaq.
  6. Delhi Shershahi by Sher shah Suri.
  7. Shahjahanabad by Shahjahan.

Sayyid and Lodhi dynasty

  • Unstable kingdom because of scarcity of money.
  • only tombs were made in this period.
  • Sikandar lodhi establish the city Agra.
  • The architectural period during Sayyad and Lodhi dynasty is known as period of macabre. Concept of double dome is also introduced in this period.
  • The three royal tombs of Mubarak sayyid, Muhammad sayyid and Sikandar Lodhi reflect the prototype of architecture during sayyid and Lodhi dynasty. Good example of combination of Hindu and Muslim architecture. The Hindu features include 8 Chhatri. Each of them capped with lotus finial with a decorative band around the base ;- corner ornamental pinnacles (Guldasta) and chajja.

Sikandar lodhi's tomb Delhi sultanate architecture of Lodhi dynasty


  • Hard work – jali work.
  • sayyad tomb are based on octagonal plan ( for king) surrounded by a arch walk way with one storey.
  • Lodhi’s tomb are based on square plan without walk way with two or 3 storey height.
  • Double dome – Double dome built of two layers. One layer provide ceiling to interior of building and the other layer is the outer one which crown the building. The device of double dome enable the ceiling inside to be placed lower and in a better relation to interior space it covers.
  • The attempt in the decoration of double dome started with the tomb of taj khan (1501) and tomb of sikandar Lodhi (1518), both in Delhi. But the mature double dome first time seen in the Humayun’s tomb.
  • Important feature of architecture during sayyid and Lodhi period was measurement of height width , length etc.

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