Ajanta cave

Ajanta Cave

  • Ajanta cave is UNESCO world heritage site.
  • Near Aurangabad Maharashtra.
  • Ajanta cave’s Time period 200 – 650 BC.
  • An aesthetic vision and advanced technical knowledge is combine in the architects.
  • Ajanta cave Discover in 1829.
  • Shape like a crescent.
  • Ajnta cave are Entirely Buddhist.
  • Chinese traveller Hiuen-tsang (Huan tsung) and Fa-Hein referred to Ajanta cave on their account.
  • Buddhist monastic buildings apparently representing a number of distinct monasteries and colleges.
  • The Ajanta cave are cut into the side of cliff that is on the south side of U shape gorge on small river at waghapur.
  • Majority of the caves are vihara for living.
  • The caves are build in 2 phases. Starting around the 2nd century BCE while 2nd phase has made around 400-500 CE.

aAjanta cave

First Phase of Ajanta Cave

  • Build on satvahana period, around 230BC.
  • Cave number 9, 10, 12, 13 and 15 are of that period.
  • These are often called as Hinayana caves.
  • Satvahana period cave lack in figurative sculpture, emphasis on stupa instead.

Ajanta cave

2nd phase of Ajanta cave

  • Build on Vaktaka period.
  • Around 4-7th century CE.
  • Both Mahayan, Hinayana and in some caves the influence of both, is found.
  • Stories from Jatakas where Buddha is showing as king, are depict on caves.
  • There are Buddha images rather than Bodhisatva.

2nd phase ajanta cave

Technical aspects of painting

  • Carve perpendicular on steep side of the hill.
  • They don’t have courtyard outside the temple.
  • Mural painting.
  • Outline draw with red colour.
  • Fresco paintings on wall.
  • Mixture of cow dung and rice husk is spread on the surface of the cave and then coating of the white lime plaster on it.
  • Surface is kept moist until colour is use.
  • Natural colours primary and secondary colours are used except blue.

Themes of paintings

  1. Jatakas stories and incidents of Buddha’s life.

Famous painting

  • The dying princess.

dying princess painting of ajanta cave

  • The flying Apsara.

The flying Apsara painting of ajanta cave

  • The preaching Buddha.

the preaching Buddha of Ajanta cave

  1. Elegant cave is cave number 16.
  2. The shrine has a large statue of Buddha preaching.
  3. famous fresco painting is the dying princess.

Fresco painting

  • Its a technique of mural painting which is laid upon freshly lime plaster.

Ellora caves

  • Hindu, Buddhist and Jain cave temple build during 6th to 9th century, in the rule of Kalachuri, Chalukya and Rashtrakuta.
  • UNESCO world heritage site.
  • The 34 caves are actually structures excavate out of the vertical face of Charanandri Hills.
  • There are Matha (Jain), Vihara (Buddhist), Temples (Jain) also.
  • There are 17 Hindu Caves (cave number 13-29), 12 Buddhist(1-12) and 5 Jain(30-34).
  • Excavation on the sloping side of hill, not in the perpendicular cliff.
  • So most of the temples have courtyard and sometimes outer wall with an entrance.

Ellora caves

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