- Ajanta cave is UNESCO world heritage site.
- Near Aurangabad Maharashtra.
- Ajanta cave’s Time period 200 – 650 BC.
- An aesthetic vision and advanced technical knowledge is combine in the architects.
- Ajanta cave Discover in 1829.
- Shape like a crescent.
- Ajnta cave are Entirely Buddhist.
- Chinese traveller Hiuen-tsang (Huan tsung) and Fa-Hein referred to Ajanta cave on their account.
- Buddhist monastic buildings apparently representing a number of distinct monasteries and colleges.
- The Ajanta cave are cut into the side of cliff that is on the south side of U shape gorge on small river at waghapur.
- Majority of the caves are vihara for living.
- The caves are build in 2 phases. Starting around the 2nd century BCE while 2nd phase has made around 400-500 CE.
First Phase of Ajanta Cave
- Build on satvahana period, around 230BC.
- Cave number 9, 10, 12, 13 and 15 are of that period.
- These are often called as Hinayana caves.
- Satvahana period cave lack in figurative sculpture, emphasis on stupa instead.
2nd phase of Ajanta cave
- Build on Vaktaka period.
- Around 4-7th century CE.
- Both Mahayan, Hinayana and in some caves the influence of both, is found.
- Stories from Jatakas where Buddha is showing as king, are depict on caves.
- There are Buddha images rather than Bodhisatva.
Technical aspects of painting
- Carve perpendicular on steep side of the hill.
- They don’t have courtyard outside the temple.
- Mural painting.
- Outline draw with red colour.
- Fresco paintings on wall.
- Mixture of cow dung and rice husk is spread on the surface of the cave and then coating of the white lime plaster on it.
- Surface is kept moist until colour is use.
- Natural colours primary and secondary colours are used except blue.
Themes of paintings
- Jatakas stories and incidents of Buddha’s life.
- The dying princess.
- The flying Apsara.
- The preaching Buddha.
- Elegant cave is cave number 16.
- The shrine has a large statue of Buddha preaching.
- famous fresco painting is the dying princess.
- Its a technique of mural painting which is laid upon freshly lime plaster.
- Hindu, Buddhist and Jain cave temple build during 6th to 9th century, in the rule of Kalachuri, Chalukya and Rashtrakuta.
- UNESCO world heritage site.
- The 34 caves are actually structures excavate out of the vertical face of Charanandri Hills.
- There are Matha (Jain), Vihara (Buddhist), Temples (Jain) also.
- There are 17 Hindu Caves (cave number 13-29), 12 Buddhist(1-12) and 5 Jain(30-34).
- Excavation on the sloping side of hill, not in the perpendicular cliff.
- So most of the temples have courtyard and sometimes outer wall with an entrance.
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